Different Types of Skiing

Different Types of Skiing

Most sports offer two or three different options for how you want to go about it, however, with skiing, there are multiple styles to choose from and terrain to play on. The different ways that you can enjoy this popular winter sport are endless. Of course, the most common type of skiing involves skiing downhill on skis, but you can add all types of tricks and you can even ski on flat terrain. Whether you’re new to the sport or a veteran, keeping up with all of the different types of skiing can be tricky. If you want to join in on the sport, you first have to decide on what type of adventure you want and choose your equipment accordingly. Here’s a look at the most common types of skiing that you can partake in.

Backcountry Skiing

Backcountry skiing, often referred to as off-piste skiing, is any type of skiing done outside the guarded boundaries of a ski area. There is no lodge or ski patrol, so it is essential that you are educated and have the proper training for this type of skiing. With this type of skiing, you’re usually in the wilderness, hiking through the forest, and then gliding down the glistening, untracked snow. Backcountry skiing is often done using ski lifts including snowcats and helicopters. Recent improvements in equipment have increased the popularity of this type of skiing.

Telemark Skiing

Telemark skiing is a special type of skiing that is defined by the way in which you turn. Telemark is a skiing technique that combines elements of Alpine and Nordic skiing. With special bindings and boots designed specifically for telemark, your heels remain unlocked at all times and you carve turns with a lunging motion that puts your forward leg in a particular bent-knee position. Because of this movement, telemark skiers are easily recognizable Many telemark skiers use backcountry skis. Telemark skiing is one of the oldest and purest ski techniques, which has been evolving since its very beginning.

Alpine Touring

Alpine touring is a style of backcountry skiing that is sometimes called AT for short. With alpine touring, you use special bindings that can switch between free-heel and fixed-heel modes so you can easily ascend slopes with your heels unlocked. Alpine touring allows you to travel not just down, but also up and cross any kind of snowy terrain you come across. Alpine touring is right for anyone with the energy and willingness to try it out, as some people feel it is more difficult than other types of skiing. If you love walking in the snow, doing cardio, or putting down fresh tracks on untouched snow, alpine touring is definitely for you.

Beautiful view on the slopes

Cross-country Skiing

Often abbreviated as XC or called Nordic skiing, cross-country skiing is typically done on rolling landscapes that are gentler than downhill skiing terrain. The skis used in cross-country skiing are long and skinny and the boots are flexible and designed to attach to the skis via bindings that leave your heels free to lift. Cross-country skiing is widely practiced as a sport and recreational activity, and some people still use it as a means of transportation. Modern cross-country skiing is similar to the original form of skiing. Skiers propel themselves either by striding forward or side-to-side in a skating motion, aided by arms pushing on ski poles against the snow. There are two main styles of cross-country skiing and they are classic skiing, which is where your skis remain parallel as you kick and glide forward and back; and skate skiing where your skis are slightly shorter than classic.

Freestyle Skiing

Freestyle skiing, a very popular Winter Olympic Sport, is a form of skiing that can include moguls, jumps, and aerial maneuvers such as twists and somersaults. It is generally done at downhill ski resorts where terrain features are created specifically for freestyle skiing. The International Ski Federation recognized freestyle as a sport in 1979, and freestyle skiing debuted as a demonstration sport at the 1988 Calgary games.

Final Thoughts

When it comes to sports and activities, there are many different types to choose from. Just as with anything else, there are many different techniques and ways to go about things. I am a huge fan of ice hockey, football and playing poker. However, I’ve always been an avid roulette player, since I’m such a huge risk taker. When talking about a passion, activity, or sport that has many branches, it is important to narrow it down a bit. What part of that specific thing are you most interested in? This will help you become more successful in your endeavors and focus more on getting better at your chosen activity or sport!